CDS Syllabus And Exam Pattern 2022

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the “Combined Defence Services” (CDS) Examination twice a year for recruiting candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. 

CDS Exam held Two Times in a year through offline mode (Written test).

ExamCDS – 1CDS – 2
Notification And Form Filling November (approx)June (approx)
Exam date FebruarySeptember/October
Result AprilNovember

Education Qualification For CDS Exam

  • I.M.A and OTA – Graduation in any stream
  • A.F.A – Graduation in any stream (Must Have Studied Physics and Mathematics At 10+2 level)
  • INA – Engineering in any Stream
  • There Is No Percentage Criteria to apply for CDS Exam.
  • Final Year Students can also apply for CDS.

CDS Age Criteria

IMA And INA – 18 to 23 Years while applying and 19 to 24 years while joining

AFA – 19 to 23 years while applying and 20 to 24 years while joining (Two years Relaxation for Valid commercial Pilot Licence Holders issued by DGCE)

OTA(Both men and women) – 18 to 24 years while applying and 19 to 25 years while joining.

Marital Status – Unmarried

Exception – 1) AFA cadets over 25 years while joining can be married (can’t stay with family during training)

2) Females joining OTA Can Be Issueless widows who have not remarried and issueless divorcees(In possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried.

Note – Date Of Birth as on Matriculation mark sheet will only be accepted.

CDS Syllabus 2022- Overview

Mode Of ExamOffline
Nature of questionsObjective type
CDS 2022 Exam Date4th September 2022
Language of question paperHindi and English
Duration of the test2 hours for each section of test

a) For admission to indian military academy(IMA), indian naval academy(INA) and air force academy(AFA)

SubjectDurationNo. Of questionsMaximum marks
English 2 Hours (9 am to 11 pm)120100
General Knowledge2 Hours (12 am to 2 pm)120100
Elementary Mathematics2 Hours (3 am to 5 pm)100100
Total6 Hours340 Que.300 Marks
Total Questions120120100
Total Marks100100100
Marks Per Question.83.831
Negative Marks.27.27.33

b) For admission to officers’ training academy(OTA)

SubjectDurationMaximum marks
English 2 Hours100
General Knowledge2 Hours100

CDS Alert –

Girls Must Mark OTA as their First And Only Choice.

UPSC CDS Exam Syllabus –


1.Number System
2.Sequence And Series
3.HCF And LCM Of Numbers
4.Decimal Fractions
5.Square Roots And Cube Roots
6.Time And Distance
7.Time And Work
9.Simple Interest
10.Compound Interest
11.Profit And Loss
12.Ratio And Proportions
14.Algebraic Operations
15.HCF And LCM Of Polynomials
16.Rational Expressions
17.Linear Equations
18.Quadratic Equations And Inequalities
19.Set Theory
20.Measurements Of Angles And Trigonometric Ratios
21.Height Ans Distance
22.Lines and Angles
24.Quadrilateral and Polygon
26.Area and Perimeter Of Plane Figures
27.Surface Area and Volume Of Solids

General english

1.Spotting The Errors
5.Idioms And Phrases
6.Sentence Completion
7.Sentence Improvement
8.Ordering Of Words And Sentences

General Science


1.Measurement, Motion, Work, Energy And Power
2.Rotational Motion And Gravitation Of Matter
4.Heat And Thermodynamics
5.Oscillations And Waves
7.Electric Current
8.Modern Physics


2.Atomic Structure
4.Chemical Bonding and Redox Reactions
5.Gas laws And Solutions
6.Acids, Bases And salts
7.Chemicals Thermodynamics And Surface Chemistry
9.Inorganic Chemistry
10.Organic Chemistry
11.Man-Made Materials
12.Environmental and its pollutions


1.Cell – The Unit Of Life
2.Classification Of Plants And Animals
3.Genetics And Molecular Biology and Evolutions of life
4.Plant Morphology and Physiology
5.Animal Physiology
6.Human Health and Diseases
7.Applied Biology

General Studies

3.India Polity
4.Indian Economy
5.General Knowledge

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