Gupta Dynasty Notes

The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire . It was founded by “Srigupta”

Srigupta

  • Founder of Gupta dynasty
  • Gave himself title of “Maharaja”

Ghatotkacha Gupta

  • Gave himself title of “Maharaja”

Chandragupta – 1

  • He is called “real founder of Gupta dynasty”
  • He started gupta era in 319 AD
  • His capital was “Patliputra”
  • His wife was “Kumara Devi”
  • He started king & queen type of gold coins
  • He started “Dinar coins” (gold coins)
Chandragupta – 1

Samudra Gupta –

  • His titles were “Kaviraj”, “Dharnibandha”, “Apratiratha”, “Sarvarajochchetta”, “Ashvamedhaprakram”
  • He called himself “Lichchhavi Duhitra”
  • His wife was “Dutta Devi”
  • He is known as the “Nepolean of India”
  • He was the first Gupta ruler who invaded in South India
  • He was the first Gupta ruler who performed Ashwamedha Sacrifice
  • “Harisena” was his court scholar
  • His contemporary was “Megha Varman”, he was king of Cylon (Sri Lanka)

NOTE – “V.A Samith” called him the Napolean of India

NOTE – Harisena was the composer of “Prayaga Prashasti”

NOTE – Megha Varman built the “Monastery in Gaya”

Policies of Samudragupta –

  • Foreign policy – “Atmanivedenakanyopayanagarusmandaka”
  • North India policy – “Annexation/victory”
  • South India policy – “Grahnamokshanugraha”

Dinar coins of Samudragupta –

  • Garuna type
  • Ahwamedha type
  • Veena vandan
  • Vyagraha type
  • Dhanurdhari

Ram Gupta –

  • Also known as “Chandra Gupta II”
  • His titles were “Devraj”, “Devgupta” & “Chandra”
  • His capital was “Patliputra”
  • He started silver coins “Rupyaka”
  • His wives were “Dhura Devi” & “Kubernaga”
  • He defeated Shaka’s chief “Rudrasen – III” & adopted the title of “Vikramaditya”
  • His daughter was “Prabhavati Devi”, she was married to “Rudrasen – II” of Vaktaka dynasty

NOTE – His titles are found in the “Iron pillar” of “Qutub complex” Delhi

NOTE – “Fa – Hien”, from China came into his court

9 jewels of Chandra Gupta – II

  1. Kalidas (Shakespeare of India)
  2. Dhanvantari
  3. Varahmihir
  4. Vetalbhatta
  5. Vararuchi
  6. Amar singh
  7. Ghatkarpar
  8. Kshaparka
  9. Shanku

Books of Kalidas –

  1. Abhigyanshkuntalam
  2. Malvikagnimitram
  3. Vikarmourvashiyam
  4. Raghu Vansham
  5. Kumar Sambhav
  6. Meghadoot
  7. Ritusamhar

Other Scholars –

  1. Aryabhatta
  2. Vishnu Sharma

NOTE – Aryabhatta wrote 2 books “Aryabhattiyam” & “Surya Siddhantikam”

NOTE – Vishnu Sharma wrote “Panchtantra”

Dinar coins of Chandra Gupta – II

  • Chakra Vikram type
  • Ashvarohi type
  • Garuna type
  • Chhatrodhary type

Kumar Gupta – I

  • His titles were “Mahendraditya”, “Mahendrachandra” & “Ashwamedha Mahendra”
  • He was worshiper of “Kartikey”
  • He built “Nalnanda university”
  • He performed Ashwamedha sacrifice

Dinar coins of Kumar Gupta- I –

  1. Khadagdhari type
  2. Ashwamedha type
  3. Gajarohi type
  4. Kartikey type
  5. Khang – Nihanta type

Skand Gupta –

  • His titles were “Karmaditya” & “Vikramaditya”
  • He rebuilted “Sudarshan lake”

NOTE – “Hunas invasion” was during his time

NOTE – “Torman” was leader of Hunas

NOTE – “Kumar Gupta –III”/ “Vishnu Gupta” was last ruler of Gupta dynasty

Facts of Gupta Dynasty –

  • 1st evidence of Sati pratha is found in “Eran inscription (Sagar, MP)
  • It is called “Golden age of Art & culture”
  • Sanskrit was their official language
  • “Dinar” & “Rupyaka” were their currencies
  • “Dashavatar temple” (lord Vishnu) in Devgarh Jhansi is considered as their greatest architecture

History Notes For UPSC & Govt. Exams – ReetPrep

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