Mahajanpads & Magadh Empire Notes

There were total 16 Mahajanpads . Their details are found in “Bhagwatisutra” and “Anguttar Nikay”.

MahajanpadCapital
KashiVaransi
KuruIndraprastha (Delhi)
AngaChampa (Bihar)
MagadhRajgir/Rajgiriha (Bihar)
VajjiVideh & Mithila (Bihar)
MallaKushavati/ Kushinara (UP)
VatsaKaushambi (UP)
ChediShaktimati
KoshalSaket (North) & Shravasti (South)
PanchalAhikshtra (North) & Kampilya (South)
MatsyaViratnagar (Rajasthan)
ShursenaMathura (UP)
Assak/AshmakPaithan/Pratisthan
AvantiUjjaini (North) & Mahishmati (South)
GandharTaxila
KambojRajpur/Hatak

NOTE – “Gandhar” & “Kamboj” were out of India

NOTE – “Vajji” & “Malla” were the democratic Mahajanpads

NOTE – “Vajji” is known as the world’s oldest democratic state

Magadh Empire

The Magadha Empire encompasses the rule of three dynasties over time – Haryanka Dynasty, Shishunaga Dynasty, and Nanda Dynasty. 

Haryanka dynasty

  • It was established by “Bimbisara”
  • 1st dynasty of Magadh empire
  • It is also known as “Patricial dynasty”

Bimbisara

  • He was the founder of “Haryanka dynasty”
  • Other names were “Seniya”, “Shrenika” & “Kshetrojas”
  • His capital was “Rajgir”
  • He had “matrimonial policy”
  • His wives were Kusla, Kshema & Chelana
  • His contemporary were “Mahaveer Swami” & “Lord Buddha”
  • He was follower of Buddhism
  • He was killed by his son “Ajatshatru”

Ajatshatru

  • 1st Indian king to kill his father
  • His childhood name was “Kunika”
  • He had policy of attack
  • He defeated Vjji, Malla & Kashi
  • He has 2 famous weapons “Rathmusla” &”Mahashilakantak”
  • He was also follower of Buddha
  • He was killed by his son “Udayin”

NOTE – 2nd Buddhist council was by him in Rajgir.

Mahajanpads & Magadh Empire

Udayin

  • He was son of Ajatshatru
  • He built “Patliputra” and made it his capital
  • He was killed by his son “Aniruddha”
  • He was follower of Jainism

NOTE – “Nagadashak” was the last ruler of Haryanka dynasty & he was killed by “Shishunaga”

Mahajanpads & Magadh Empire

Shishunaga Dynasty

  • It was established by “Shishunaga”     

Shishunaga

  • Founder of Shishunaga dynasty
  • His capital was “Patliputra” & “Vaishali”

Kalashoka

  • His real name was “Kaka Varna”
  • His capital was also “Patliputra” & “Vaishali”

Nandi Vardhan

  • He was the last ruler of Shisunaga dynasty
  • He was killed by “Mahapadma Nanda”

Nanda Dynasty

  • It was established by “Mahapadma Nanda”

Mahapadma Nanda

  • Founder of Nanda dynasty
  • His titles were “Ekrat”, “Ugrasena”, “Sarvakshatrantka” & “2nd Parushram”
  • His priest was “Panini”
  • He concurred Kalinga, which is mentioned in the “Hathigumpha of Kharvel” in Kalinga

NOTE – Panini wrote a book “Ashtadhyayi”, which is 1st book of Sanskrit Vyakran

Mahajanpads & Magadh Empire

Dhanananda

  • He was the last king of Nanda dynasty
  • He was killed by “Chandragupta Maurya” with the help of Chanakya

History Notes For UPSC & Govt. Exams – ReetPrep

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