Article 21-A and RTE Act 2009 Came Into Effect On 1st April 2010. The Constitution 86th Amendment Act 2002 Inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution Of India to Provide Free And Compulsory Education Of all Children.


The Right to Education Act(RTE) 2009, also known as the RTE Act 2009, was enacted by the Parliament of India on 4 August 2009. It describes modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children aged between 6-14 years in India under Article 21 (A) of the Constitution of India.


Important Points of RTE Act 2009

  • Article 21-A and RTE Act Came Into Effect On 1st April 2010.


  • The Title of RTE Act Incorporates the Words “Free and Compulsory”


  • It Makes Provisions For a non-admitted Child to be Admitted to An Age Appropriate Class.


  • RTE Act 2009 is Based On Article45 of Constitution of India.


  • 38 Sections Are there in RTE Act 2009.


  • EWS (Economical Weaker Section ) – For EWS 25% Reservation In Private School


RTE Act 2009 Prohibits :

  • Physical Punishment & Mental Harassment
  • Screening procedures for Admission of Children
  • Capitation Fee
  • Running of Schools Without Recognition
  • Private Tuition by Teachers


Free Education –

Means that Any Child admitted in the School Will not be required to pay any kind of Fee or Expenses (Tuition Fee, Uniform, books, study material)

● In other Words it Implies an Education Which is free from Anxiety ,Stress, Fear

● The RTE Act Provides Access to Elementary Schools Within The “Defined Area or Limits Of Neighbourhood.


 For Primary School – 1 Km. Distance

 For Elementary School – 3 Km. Distance

● The Law Came into Effect in the Whole Of India Except The State of Jammu & Kashmir from 1 April 2010


● India Became one of the 135th Country to make Education a Fundamental right of Every child.


● The Right to Education of Persons with Disabilities until 18 years of age is laid down Under a separate legislation — the person with disabilities Act (PWD Act)


Duty of Parents – it is the duty if parents to admit the child in the elementary school {Article 51-A(k)}


No. Of Teachers

For Class – 1st — 5th

Admitted Children (upto 60) – 2 Teacher

Children (Between 61–90) – 3 teacher

Children (Between 91 – 120) – 4 Teacher

Above 150 Children — 5 Teacher + 1 Head Teacher


Minimum Number of Working Days In RTE Act :

200 Working days for 1 — 5th Class

220 Working days for 6 — 8th Class

Instructional Hours :

800 Instructional Hours Per Academic Year For 1st —- 5th Class

1000 Instructional Hours Per Academic Year for 6 — 8th Class


Library :

Their Shall be a Library in each school providing newspaper, Magazines, Books including storybooks.


Play material, games and sports equipment :

It shall be provided to each class as required.


Important Points related to RTE Act 2009 :


◆ Pupil Teacher Ratio

1 : 30 – Primary

1 : 35 – Elementary

1 : 40 – Above 200 Students 

◆ Working Hours in a Week – 45 Hours 

◆ Free And Compulsory Education

◆ No. Of Working Days – 200, 220 Days

◆ No denial of addmission & transfer , no corporal punishment

◆ Qualified teachers & recognized School



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